Download American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Franklin E. Zimring PDF

By Franklin E. Zimring

Some time past decade, alarming experiences of teen violence have seemed with expanding frequency within the information media. Legislators around the usa have spoke back to this feeling of nationwide emergency via altering a number of the legislation designed to deal with juvenile offenders. yet are we actually in the course of a surge in adolescence violence? extra to the purpose, what motives adolescence violence and what should still we do approximately it? Franklin Zimring deals the definitive exam of adolescent violence within the usa either as a social phenomenon and a coverage challenge. This publication covers the variety of adlescent violence concerns within the Nineteen Nineties, from crime records to demographic projections to new laws. the result's an intensive debunking of Congressional predictions of "a coming hurricane of minor violence" and the half-baked coverage proposals that accompany such warnings. The e-book units forth accomplished and dispassionate analyses of 3 key components of teenybopper violence coverage: adolescent firearms ownership and use, criteria for move from juvenile to legal court docket jurisdiction, and criminal sanctions for teens who kill. through the ebook, the middle problems with early life violence within the Nineteen Nineties are tested with an extraordinary measure of analytic rigor. Zimring additionally bargains a suitable set of responses to early life violence which are in step with a favorable destiny for the juvenile court docket and for America's young ones. well timed and authoritative, American adolescence Violence offers scholars, students, and coverage makers a much-needed software with which to style a confident reaction to 1 of the nation's most annoying social ills.

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S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation 1995:13). The technical label of this category is murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. There were 21,597 such cases in 1995. Arrests under the age of 21 accounted for 37 percent of all homicide arrests; arrests under the age of 18 accounted for 15 percent. Forcible rape is defined as the completed or attempted act of sexual intercourse accomplished by force or the threat of imminent force. A total of 97,464 rapes were reported by the Uniform Crime Reports in 1995.

The arrest level for aggravated assault did A YOUTH VIOLENCE EPIDEMIC 33 not drop much in the early 1980s and then increased slowly from 1985 to 1988. Large one-year jumps in 1989 and again in 1992 raised the level to nearly double the 1980 rate. The rate declined by 20 percent over the two years after its 1994 peak, but arrests for aggravated assault stayed 56 percent above the 1980 level, by far the largest increase in the four violent crimes. Trends in rape and robbery arrests over the 1980s and early 1990s were much less pronounced.

Homicide rates in 1996 are one-third higher than in 1980. Despite the cyclical fluctuations throughout the period, this seems sufficient ground to investigate whether a change in rate has occurred and, if so, its likely explanation. This is the task of the next section. Aggravated assault levels, which increased by more than half over the pe- A YOUTH VIOLENCE EPIDEMIC 35 riod 1980—1996, are the subject of the third section. As the following two sections show, the trends in homicide and assault are quite different in origin and policy significance.

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