Download Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, by Peyton E. Daniels PDF

By Peyton E. Daniels

Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug exchange, yet lately has more and more develop into a spotlight for drug trafficking, really of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus looks to have resulted from structural shifts in overseas drug trafficking styles. This publication examines how most sensible to stability non permanent and long term counter-narcotics ambitions and techniques in Africa, how a variety of U.S. civilian and army and foreign supplier counter-narcotics roles and obligations in Africa could be outlined and what kinds and degrees of assets those efforts may perhaps require.

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Pdf 28 14 Farah Douglas Among the largest was the May 1, 2007 seizure of 630 kilograms of cocaine aboard a Cessna aircraft in Nouhabidou, Mauritania. The airplane's GPS showed it had taken off from Venezuelan territory. See: "Cocaine Trafficking in Western Africa: Situation Report," UNODC, October 2007, pg. 9. In July 2008 another aircraft with 600 kilograms of cocaine and using a false Red Cross emblem on its tail, was seized in Sierra Leone. 15 "Colombia: Amid Signs of Progress, Warning of a Cartel War," Latin American Security & Strategic Review, January 2009.

S. government assessment estimated that between 180 and 240 metric tons of cocaine transited established transshipment points in West Africa most ultimately destined for Europe. Colombian and Venezuelan traffickers are entrenched in West Africa and have cultivated long-standing relationships with African criminal networks to facilitate their activities in the region. Criminal groups take advantage of Africa‘s porous borders, poorly-equipped and under- trained law enforcement agencies, and corrupt government officials to facilitate their trafficking operations.

Also, there is a large population of young people in this region. Without any real avenues for licit employment or opportunity, they can become a humanitarian burden through illegal immigration to Europe or America or become vulnerable to extremist ideology and become part of a terrorist organization. Finally, left unchecked regional instability can deteriorate into armed conflict necessitating expensive Non Combat Evacuations of American Citizens or the deployment of peacekeepers to the region to stave off wide spread humanitarian crisis.

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