Download A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial by Pamela Kyle Crossley PDF
By Pamela Kyle Crossley
Four maps during this landmark exploration of the origins of nationalism and cultural id in China, Pamela Kyle Crossley strains the ways that a wide, early sleek empire of Eurasia, the Qing (1636-1912), integrated neighboring, yet disparate, political traditions right into a new kind of emperorship. Drawing on a wide selection of basic resources, together with Manchu, Korean, and chinese language archival fabrics, Crossley argues that distortions brought in 17th- and eighteenth-century ancient files have blinded students to the particular process occasions within the early years of the dynasty. This groundbreaking examine examines the connection among the more and more summary ideology of the centralizing emperorship of the Qing and the institution of options of id within the 17th and eighteenth centuries, earlier than the appearance of nationalism in China. Concluding with a broad-ranging postscript at the implications of her learn for stories of nationalism and nation-building all through sleek chinese language historical past, A Translucent replicate combines a readable narrative with a worldly, revisionary examine China's historical past. Crossley's ebook will regulate present understandings of the Qing emperorship, the evolution of recommendations of ethnicity, and the legacy of Qing rule for contemporary chinese language nationalism.
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Additional info for A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology
The general idea was to convey, through some public media, that the legitimacy of any empire was based upon its commitment to modeling state rela tions on those of the (prescriptive) household, by stabilizing society through the enforcement of a (natural, just, wise) hierarchy, and demanding that all in the polity conduct themselves according to the moral requirements assigned to their statuses. 61. Wright, The Last Stand of Chinese Conservatism; Bastide, "Official Con ceptions of Imperial Authority at the End of the Qing Dynasty"; Onogawa, Shim matsu siji shisc5 kenyii; Dik6tter, The Discourse of Race in Modern China (esp.
I 1 , I I Introduction / There is an implied comparison in claiming a "racial" product of eigh teenth-century Qing imperial ideology, as. there is in the proposition that ideology is present in the behavior of the Qing court. As used in this book, "ideology" has a basic and perhaps unsophisticated meaning. My referent is to the watershed discussions of "impressions" and the "association of ideas" by David Hume. Some of Hume's discussion was derived from John Locke, but it appears to me that Hume's skepticism regarding language in particular is the direct ancestor of modern discussion of ideological issues.
Whether conquest is by the Qing empire in China, or by the British empire in South Africa, or by the United States of America over the middle width of the North American continent, its dynamics impose at least two imperatives. The first is that distinctions of identity between conquerors and the conquered must be plastic, subject to arbitrary alteration by the state as its needs change and its local mission metamorphoses from conquest to occupation to gover nance (should that sequence be completed) .