Download A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson (auth.) PDF

By Leonard Nelson (auth.)

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this ebook provides the main specified account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated through many luminaries akin to Karl Popper. It was once written in 1921 against the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic developments of Nelson’s time. The ebook comprises an exposition of a style that could be a extra improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, by way of an program to the severe research of arguments via many recognized thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The e-book provides a normal idea of philosophical argumentation as noticeable from the perspective of the common fallacies dedicated via anyone arguing philosophically, no matter if specialist philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even supposing the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is likely one of the such a lot recurrent gadgets of mirrored image for philosophers, this publication represents the 1st try out at a common thought of philosophical fallacy. in accordance with Nelson, it really is within the form of fake dilemmas that blunders in reasoning consistently emerge, and fake dilemmas are consistently the results of an identical mechanism--the unwitting substitute of 1 notion for another.

Show description

Read or Download A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies PDF

Best theory books

Equilibrium Unemployment Theory (2nd Edition)

Filenote: Retail kindle is a topaz dossier. mobi created by way of htmlz --> mobi

An equilibrium idea of unemployment assumes that agencies and employees maximize their payoffs lower than rational expectancies and that wages are decided to take advantage of the non-public profits from alternate. This e-book makes a speciality of the modeling of the transitions out and in of unemployment, given the stochastic strategies that get a divorce jobs and result in the formation of recent jobs, and at the implications of this technique for macroeconomic equilibrium and for the potency of the hard work industry. This method of hard work marketplace equilibrium and unemployment has been profitable in explaining the determinants of the "natural" fee of unemployment and new information on task and employee flows, in modeling the hard work marketplace in equilibrium enterprise cycle and progress versions, and in reading welfare coverage.

The moment variation includes new chapters, one on endogenous task destruction and one on seek at the task and job-to-job quitting. the remainder of the publication has been largely rewritten and, in different instances, simplified.

Theory of Differential Equations with Unbounded Delay

As the thought of equations with hold up phrases happens in a number of contexts, you will need to offer a framework, at any time when attainable, to address as many circumstances as attainable at the same time with a view to convey out a greater perception and figuring out of the delicate alterations of many of the equations with delays.

Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Imaginative and prescient is likely one of the so much lively components in biomedical study, and visible psychophysical thoughts are a foundational technique for this examine firm. visible psychophysics, which stories the connection among the actual global and human habit, is a classical box of research that has frequent functions in smooth imaginative and prescient technology.

Additional info for A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

Sample text

As a matter of fact, an impartial analysis will show that he had thereby completely destroyed this principle. He did not notice that the consistency of the system was thereby entirely shattered, for the height of the pleasure that is in question here presupposes a criterion utterly outside of all pleasure. How could we otherwise assess the different kinds of pleasure according to whether they are higher or lower? A pleasure according to this new conception is good when it is directed towards something good; the criterion of the good therefore lies outside of pleasure and is independent of all pleasure.

At that point the phrase ‘sleight of hand’ becomes too imprecise a translation and it will be replaced by ‘swapping of concepts’ or ‘concept-swapping’ as the core of the philosophical fallacies Nelson is discussing. Lecture II 31 conclusively in favour of those judgments that are initially only felt, and for this argumentation we need dialectics. If we are not able to establish a dialectically sound argumentation, then dialectics in this case also leads to a falsification of our original judgment.

To say that pure logical thinking ‘is mediating’ means that the content of truth cannot be generated by the pure form of logical inference, albeit logical inference can indeed help establish what follows from this content as taken from somewhere else. Logical reasoning is in and of itself empty in the sense that it cannot create its own epistemic content. The insight that rational knowledge depends on something else is not so old. The error I have described did not only entirely pervade the medieval philosophy of the Schoolmen, but also the philosophical school which under the name of rationalism dominated the modern era up to the end of the eighteenth century.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.19 of 5 – based on 43 votes