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By Molly Greene

The following Molly Greene strikes past the opposed "Christian" as opposed to "Muslim" divide that has coloured many historic interpretations of the early glossy Mediterranean, and divulges a society with a miles richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She makes a speciality of Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian keep an eye on in 1669. Historians of Europe have typically considered the victory as a watershed, the ultimate step within the Muslim conquest of the jap Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based tradition. yet to what volume did the conquest really switch existence on Crete? Greene brings a brand new viewpoint to undergo in this episode, and at the jap Mediterranean regularly. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras as the Cretans have been already a part of an international the place Latin Christians, Muslims, and jap Orthodox Christians were intermingling for numerous centuries, really within the sector of commerce.Greene additionally notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not just the extension of Muslim rule to an island that after belonged to a Christian strength, but in addition the strengthening of jap Orthodoxy on the cost of Latin Christianity, and eventually the Orthodox reconquest of the japanese Mediterranean. Greene concludes that regardless of their non secular alterations, either the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien rgime within the Mediterranean, which money owed for varied similarities among Venetian and Ottoman Crete. the real push for switch within the zone might come later from Northern Europe.

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Additional resources for A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World)

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Halil Inaletk with Donald Quataert (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 441. 26 Spanakes, "Relazione de Sr. Isepo Civran," 369. 27 M. I. Manousakas, "E para trivan Apografe tes Kretes (1644) kai o dithen katalogos ron kretikon oikon Kerkyras" (The 1644 census of Crete [found in] Trivan and the supposed list of Cretan families in Corfu), Kretika Chronika 3 (1949): 37. 28 Venetian administrators were in the habit of giving not only the total population of the island but also the number of men fit for some kind of service to the state (ani me da fattione).

A in que! ; una infinita di opere Eroiche, rna fra le principalissime, e necessarie, fece far un stretissimo Editto, che alcuno non potesse sotto pene gravissime pinatar vigne in terreni atti a coltura, anzi ne fece sradiccar buona quantita, obligando li possessori alia coltivationi di essi" Spanakes, "E ekthese ton douka tes Kretes," 522-23. , The Mediterranean, 1: 157. 74 Spanakes, "Relazione Pietro Giustiniano," 220. " Spanakes, 'E ekthese ton douka tes Kretes," 527. 76 According to Sagredo, the actual amount of the harvest was five times what had been declared.

66 I CHAPTER TWO They must bear in mind the fact that, due to the large number of soldiers stationed on the island, the price of wine, wheat, and all other provisions has doubled. They spend their money as they wish and also receive numerous obligatory "gifts" from the peasantry, gifts that they did not even bother to demand before the war [of 1570-71] since buyers could not be found. On account of all this they have accumulated huge amounts of money, which they then lend to the government, which uses it to pay the soldiery.

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