Download A History of the Birth Control Movement in America (Healing by Peter C. Engelman PDF
By Peter C. Engelman
A heritage of the contraception move in the United States tells the intense tale of a gaggle of reformers devoted to making birth control criminal, obtainable, and appropriate. The engrossing story information how Margaret Sanger's crusade starting in 1914 to problem anti-obscenity legislation criminalizing the distribution of contraceptive info grew into the most far-reaching social reform activities in American background. The ebook opens with a dialogue of the background of contraception tools and the criminalization of birth control and abortion within the nineteenth century. Its center, even if, is a thrilling narrative of the crusade within the twentieth century, vividly recalling the arrests and indictments, banned guides, imprisonments, confiscations, health center raids, mass conferences, and court dramas that publicized the reason around the country. awareness is paid to the movement's thorny alliances with medication and eugenics and particularly to its luck in precipitating a profound shift in sexual attitudes that grew to become using birth control into a suitable social and scientific perform. ultimately, the contraception stream is associated with court-won privateness protections and the present-day flow for reproductive rights.
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Extra info for A History of the Birth Control Movement in America (Healing Society: Disease, Medicine, and History)
But on the whole, the courts legitimized the Comstock Act, hewing to the letter of the law despite uncertainty over the meaning of obscenity and, in some instances, in spite of clear violations of an individual’s right to free speech. After criminalization, the medical profession became even more reluctant to dirty their hands in the matter. By the end of the 19th century, stricter laws in a number of states clearly prohibited doctors from giving contraceptive advice or performing abortions at any time during pregnancy.
19 SOCIAL PURITY After the Civil War, the medical community was joined in its eﬀorts to reign in the contraceptive and abortion industries by a new morality movement and social purity crusade that emerged largely in reaction to the postwar rise in prostitution, pornography, and venereal disease. The momentous changes taking place in American society added to these concerns: urbanization and the new industrial economy, worker migration, the movement of more women into the workforce, and the ﬂood of immigrants.
Many women reformers also respected the small family ideal that was spreading in industrialized America. Vehemently opposed to abortion, their concerns over contraception were muted. 21 COMSTOCKERY An emphatic federal legal response to controlling sexual vice came less than a decade after the Civil War, with the passage in Congress in 1873 of the “Act for Before “Birth Control” 15 Undated portrait of Anthony Comstock at the height of his career as America’s foremost antivice crusader. S. * Better known as the Comstock Act, named after the notorious vice crusader, Anthony Comstock, this repressive legislation was part of a larger postal bill that Congress passed during a ﬂurry of legislative activity, without signiﬁcant debate.