Download A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient by Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson PDF
By Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson
Firstly look, it could possibly look unusual that when greater than thousand years of biblical interpretation, there are nonetheless significant disagreements between biblical students approximately what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say and approximately how one is to learn and comprehend them. but the variety of interpretive ways now to be had is the end result either one of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of modifications within the worldviews of the groups and people who have sought to make the Scriptures appropriate to their very own time and position. A background of Biblical Interpretation offers designated and large experiences of the translation of the Scriptures by way of Jewish and Christian writers through the a while. Written by means of the world over well known students, this multivolume paintings comprehensively treats the various assorted equipment of interpretation, the various vital interpreters who've written in a number of eras, and the numerous key matters that experience surfaced many times over the lengthy process biblical interpretation. this primary quantity of A historical past of Biblical Interpretation explores interpreters and their tools within the historical interval, from the very earliest phases to the time whilst the canons of Judaism and Christianity received basic recognition. the 1st a part of the e-book concentrates at the use of the Scriptures inside Judaism. Chapters research inner-biblical exegesis within the Tanak, the advance of the Septuagint, the exegetical technique of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation within the useless Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the character of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the translation of the Bible within the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.
The moment a part of the booklet probes subject matters particular to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters the following speak about how Israel's Scriptures are utilized in the recent testomony writings, the hermeneutical methods of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the recent testomony canon, and the translation of Scripture within the New testomony Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. as well as those in-depth stories, the quantity features a titanic advent by means of the editors that offers readers either a wide evaluate of the first concerns and contours of historical biblical interpretation as handled during this quantity and a way of sampling the ways that the main figures, faculties of interpretation, and concerns mentioned interweave and distinction with one another. modern, balanced, and engagingly written, this significant quantity -- and people to persist with -- will quickly turn into a regular source at the background of biblical interpretation.
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Additional info for A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient Period
They, as the elect, were uncovering Scripture's true meaning, which was being fulfilled in the life of their community. Certain factors must be kept in mind as one analyzes interpretation as practiced by this community. First, the boundaries of Israel's sacred writings were quite fluid for the writers of the DSS, with no clear delineation between books regarded as unmistakably scriptural and therefore authoritative and books that lay outside the bounds of Scripture (Davies, pp. 144-46 below). Second, the lines between sacred text and interpretation, between authoritative texts and what can at times be equally authoritative interpretation and élucidation of those texts, are quite blurred.
Thus, in these various liturgies found among the DSS, scriptural usage and interpretation can range from the employment of words or phrases that are common in the sacred texts and therefore are part of the common religious language of the time, with no passage in particular being alluded to, all the way to substantial utilization of specific texts, as in the case of the dependence of the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice on Ezekiel 1 and 10. In whatever way the sacred language and text(s) are brought to bear, however, they are typically seen through the prism of sectarian ideology.
The Hellenic culture spread by Alexander blended with the various indigenous cultures to produce the composite Hellenistic culture, which provided the linguistic and cultural glue which held together much of the ancient world during the Roman era. Hellenization first of all provided a language — Greek — through which Jews could be in dialogue with at least the more educated of their Gentile neighbors. This resulted in a growing knowledge of Jewish sacred writings and religious ideas among substantial portions of the Gentile population in areas where there was a significant Jewish community, a factor that also helped lay the groundwork for the rapid growth of Christianity.