Download 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic by UNAIDS PDF

By UNAIDS

"Knowing your epidemic" is vital for everybody considering the reaction to HIV. greatly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial record provides concise yet complete summaries of significant concerns within the worldwide AIDS reaction. Annexes supply HIV estimates and information 2001 and 2007, and likewise nation growth symptoms.

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Officially documented HIV cases represent only those persons who have been in direct contact with a country’s HIV reporting system. The actual number of people infected with HIV is considerable higher. 2 0 0 8 R E P O RT O N T H E G L O BA L A I D S E P I D E M I C The overlap of sex work and injecting drug use The overlap of sex work and injecting drug use features prominently in the region’s epidemics. , 2004) said that they had injected drugs. Nowhere in this region have HIV epidemics reached a stage where they are likely to evolve independently of HIV transmission among injecting drug users and sex workers.

The annual numbers of newly reported HIV diagnoses are also rising in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (which now has the largest epidemic in Central Asia). 10 In the Russian Federation, HIV prevalence among injecting drug users ranges from 3% in Volgograd to more than 70% in Biysk (Pasteur Scientific and Research Institute of Epidemiology, 2005). Prevalence is also high among injecting drug users in Ukraine; among surveyed injecting drug users in national diagnostic studies prevalence increased from 11% in 2001 to 17% in 2006 (EuroHIV, 2007a); also, local HIV prevalence as high as 63% has been found (Ministry of Health [Ukraine], 2007).

42 Most of the comparatively smaller HIV epidemics in West Africa are stable or are declining—as is the case for Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, and Mali. 9% in 2005 2 0 0 8 R E P O RT O N T H E G L O BA L A I D S E P I D E M I C Main modes of HIV transmission Heterosexual intercourse remains the epidemic’s driving force in sub-Saharan Africa. The high rate of sexual transmission has also given rise to the world’s largest population of children living with HIV. However, recent epidemiological evidence has revealed the region’s epidemic to be more diverse than previously thought.

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